Beginners Guide To Essential Oils

What are essential oils?

Essential oils are simply the essence of the plant in which they come from. Extracted through careful steam distillation, resin tapping, and cold pressing, the purest essential oils are far more powerful then their botanical form.

Essential oils are precious and so highly concentrated.

It takes approximately 50 rose flowers to produce a single drop of Rose oil. One bottle of Lemon oil can contain up to 45 Lemons and one bottle of Lavender can contain 30lbs of Lavender flowers so it is easy to understand how potent they are.

Why are they so special?

A therapeutic grade essential oil may bemade up of hundreds or even thousands of different molecules. A fairly simple essential oil may contain anywhere from 80 to 300 different chemical constituents. An oil like lavender is quite complex. Though many of an oil’s compounds occur in minute quantities – they all contribute important qualities imparting synergy to its therapeutic effects.

How can I use oils?

  •  Inhalation, Most Essential oils can be used in a diffuser which passes a continuous stream of air into the room. They can also be applied to a tissue or bed linen.
  • Topical Application, They can be blended in a carrier oil and applied directly to the skin, hair or nails to treat a huge variety of concerns or issues.
  • Ingestion, The most controversial method. Some experts will tell you this is dangerous and some will tell you it’s the most beneficial. This is something you must research for yourself and drew your own conclusions.

There are hundreds of Essential oils but let’s talk about some of the most popular single oils.


  • Treat yourself to this well-loved aroma by adding a few drops of oil to lotions, shampoos, and skin care products.
  • Create a spa-like retreat by combining 1 cup Epsom salt and 4 drops oil and adding to a hot bath.
  • Make a basic homemade body scrub with coconut oil, sugar, and Lavender essential oil.
  • Unwind with a Lavender-infused neck or back massage.
  • Use Lavender as part of your evening routine. Rub oil on the bottom of your feet before bed or spritz your pillow with distilled water and Lavender mixed in a spray bottle.
  • Create a DIY room freshener with Lavender or diffuse it to banish stale odors.


  • Boost your home cleaning with the cheerful scent of fresh Lemons! Add a few drops to naturally derived floor, window, and surface cleaning solutions. Do not use Lemon oil on granite or stone, as it may etch the surface.
  • Make Lemon part of your beauty routine, adding it to skin care products to reduce the appearance of blemishes (Here is my very own flawless skin oil) or to conditioner and DIY hair masques to give your hair a smoother, shinier look.
  • Diffuse Lemon alone or with other citrus and crisp-smelling oils such as Tangerine, Grapefruit, Orange, Bergamot, Rosemary, Tea Tree, Tarragon, and Eucalyptus Radiata to create an aromatic environment that is clean-smelling and positive


  • For an aroma that helps you feel inspired and uplifted, diffuse 8–10 drops of Lime in your favourite diffuser. For variety, combine it with other citrus oils such as Lemon, Bergamot, Grapefruit, Orange, and Tangerine.
  • For an extra boost of citrus throughout the house, add a few drops of Lime to household cleaners. To freshen your refrigerator, add several drops to a box of baking soda and keep it in the refrigerator to absorb odours.


  • Diffuse to freshen the air and enjoy a woodsy, energising aroma.
  • Combine 1 drop Rosemary with a carrier oil. Dip a cotton ball in the solution and apply to a freshly washed face to help cleanse.
  • Add 10–15 drops to shampoo or conditioner for healthier-looking hair and stimulated growth.


  • Invite elevated spiritual experiences every day by diffusing this oil in your home or office.
  • Add Frankincense to your daytime lotion or night cream for a custom moisturiser for skin healing and repair.
  • Apply diluted to scars and stretch marks.
  • Incorporate Frankincense into your yoga ritual by diffusing this oil during your routine and following up with a post-practice massage.


  • After a tough workout, dilute a few drops of Peppermint in a carrier oil and use it in a refreshing post-workout massage.
  • Create your own home spa! Add Peppermint and Eucalyptus Radiata to hot bath water and enjoy the relaxing, invigorating scent and aromatic steam.
  • Peppermint is in the same family as both Lavender and Rosemary. Diffuse the oils of these powerful botanicals together for a fresh aroma that uplifts the spirit.
  • Apply to temples and nape of neck to help clear headaches or migraines.

What is carrier oil?

Don’t confuse carrier oil with essential oils. A carrier oil is a simple oil to to dilute the strengh of the essential oil. This helps spread the precious essential oil further and prevent chemical burns. The most popular carrier oils are:

ALMOST ALL ESSENTIAL OILS MUST BE DILUTED PRIOR TO TOPICAL APPLICATION to the range of 1% to 5% in your chosen carrier oil – Lavender and Chamomile oil being notable exceptions.

If you find at any point your skin has a burning sensation from using neat or a high mix percentage essential oil, apply more carrier oil over the top. The same for eyes, in the event you have splashed an essential oil in your eye, do not rinse with water! Use a carrier oil.

How do I know which oils to trust?

Not all Essential oil companies are the same and regulations on labelling oils are of a low standard. To say 100% Lavender oil doesn’t always mean you are buying great quality (or even pure oil).

Essential oils of good quality are usually on the higher price. Every oil will vary in price. Rose is very expensive as it takes 10,000 roses to fill a single 5ml bottle  If you see a selection of oils all priced the same then you can almost guarantee they are pre-diluted or not even naturally sourced at all.

I favour Young Living. I trust their ‘Seed to Seal’ policy and that they personally farm their oils themselves.

You can read more about Young Living Here

There is no doubt in my mind that Oils should be in every family home.

I hope I have encouraged you to try a few and learn a little more.

Health and Wellness



If you are pregnant, planning to get pregnant, or breast feeding, or have a serious medical conditions it is critical you consult your doctor before using any essential oil.

Some of my posts like this one contain affiliate links. When I recommend products, it is because I genuinely use and like them.

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